The Interplay Between Thermodynamics and Kinetics in the Solid-state Synthesis of Layered Oxides


In contrast to the prevailing intuition that solid-state reactions are slow, beamline experiments here show that non-equilibrium phases appear within only a few minutes of starting a ceramic synthesis reaction. These fast-forming intermediates consume most of the thermodynamic reaction energy, resulting in slow transformation kinetics to the stable equilibrium phase. Read full publication here.

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